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Boudreaux examines men's life expectancy in cities

Demography paper with External Affiliate Andrew Fenelon finds "remarkable increases"

In a recently published paper in Demography Faculty Associate Michel Boudreaux and colleague Andrew Fenelon, Penn State University, find that men living in cities experienced an increase in life expectancy of at least 11 percentage points compared to a national increase of just 4.8 years.

They write : "The past several decades have witnessed growing geographic disparities in life expectancy within the United States, yet the mortality experience of U.S. cities has received little attention. We examine changes in men’s life expectancy at birth for the 25 largest U.S. cities from 1990 to 2015, using mortality data with city of residence identifiers. We reveal remarkable increases in life expectancy for several U.S. cities. Men’s life expectancy increased by 13.7 years in San Francisco and Washington, DC, and by 11.8 years in New York between 1990 and 2015, during which overall U.S. life expectancy increased by just 4.8 years. A significant fraction of gains in the top-performing cities relative to the U.S. average is explained by reductions in HIV/AIDS and homicide during the 1990s and 2000s. Although black men tended to see larger life expectancy gains than white men in most cities, changes in socioeconomic and racial population composition also contributed to these trends."

See the complete Demography article