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Change in Elderly Living Arrangements in Rural South Africa, 2000-2010
Sangeetha Madhavan project, an R03 funded by NICHD, examines the impact of HIV on the probability that an elderly person will face a transition in living arrangements
Located in Research / Selected Research
Article Reference Troff document (with manpage macros)Selective disclosure of HIV serostatus in egocentric social networks of people living with HIV/AIDS
The objective of this study was to investigate HIV disclosure activities in social support networks of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). An egocentric network study was conducted in Nanning, China. A sample of 147 PLWHAs (egos) nominated 922 network members (alters) who would provide egos with social support. All egos disclosed their HIV status to at least one alter in their support networks and 26.5 % disclosed to all alters. Among network alters, 95.7 % of spouse alters, 59.9 % of other family member alters, and 29.7 % of friend alters were aware of egos’ HIV status. PLWHA egos were more likely to disclose their HIV status to their spouse and other family members, frequently-contacted alters, and alters who provided more social support. In addition, older egos and unmarried egos were more likely to disclose their HIV status. The findings indicate that network-based HIV intervention programs should take into consideration selective disclosure in social networks.
Located in MPRC People / Xin He, Ph.D. / Xin He Publications
Article Reference Troff document (with manpage macros)Network stigma towards people living with HIV/AIDS and their caregivers: an egocentric network study in China
HIV stigma occurs among peers in social networks. However, the features of social networks that drive HIV stigma are not well understood. The objective of this study is to investigate anticipated HIV stigma within the social networks of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) (N = 147) and the social networks of PLWHA's caregivers (N = 148). The egocentric social network data were collected in Guangxi, China. More than half of PLWHA (58%) and their caregivers (53%) anticipated HIV stigma from their network peers. Both PLWHA and their caregivers anticipated that spouses or other family members were less likely to stigmatise them, compared to friend peers or other relationships. Married network peers were believed to stigmatise caregivers more than unmarried peers. The association between frequent contacts and anticipated stigma was negative among caregivers. Being in a close relationship with PLWHA or caregivers (e.g., a spouse or other family member) was associated with less anticipated stigma. Lower network density was associated with higher anticipated stigma among PLWHA's alters, but not among caregivers' alters. Findings may shed light on innovative stigma reduction interventions at the social network level and therefore improve HIV/AIDS treatment utilisation.
Located in MPRC People / Xin He, Ph.D. / Xin He Publications
Analyzing the effects of food supplementation and adherence support on food insecurity, time allocation, and quality of life indices of patients on antiretroviral treatment in the Free State Province, South Africa
Alok Bhargava investigates food insecurity, quality of life, and productivity among HIV patients receiving antiretroviral treatment in South Africa
Located in Resources / / Seed Grant Program / Seed Grants Awarded
Creative and Novel Ideas in HIV Research (CNIHR) Research Grant Initiative
Awards will be funded up to $150,000
Located in Resources / / Announcements / Archive
Dreams Innovation Challenge on HIV/AIDS
U.S. Department of State
Located in Resources / / Announcements / Archive
File Troff document (with manpage macros)Measuring and Mitigating HIV Stigma: A Framed Field Experiment
Vivian Hoffman, University of Maryland; Kent D. Messer and Jacob Fooks, University of Delaware // Keywords: HIV/AIDS, field experiment, stigma; 2012-003
Located in Research / Working Papers / WP Documents
Journal Club Meeting with Typhanye Dyer
Examining Psychosocial and Behavioral Correlates of STI and HIV Risk among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Men who have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW)
Located in Coming Up
Seminar Series: Treating Culture: The Making of HIV / AIDS Experts and Communities
Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Maryland
Located in Coming Up