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Richard Alba, City University of New York
The Great Demographic Illusion:  Majority, Minority, and the Expanding American Mainstream
Located in Coming Up
Article Reference Troff document (with manpage macros)Risk and protective factors associated with BV chronicity among women in Rakai, Uganda
Objectives To assess risk and protective factors associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) chronicity ascertained by Nugent score criteria. Methods A longitudinal cohort study included 255 sexually experienced, postmenarcheal women who provided weekly self-collected vaginal swabs for up to 2 years. Vaginal swabs were scored using Nugent criteria and classified as normal (≤3), intermediate (4–6) and Nugent-BV (≥7). Detailed behavioural/health information were assessed every 6 months. A per-woman longitudinal summary measure of BV chronicity was defined as the percentage of each woman’s weekly vaginal assessments scored as Nugent-BV over a 6-month interval. Risk and protective factors associated with BV chronicity were assessed using multiple linear regression with generalised estimating equations. Results Average BV chronicity was 39% across all follow-up periods. After adjustment, factors associated with BV chronicity included baseline Nugent-BV (β=35.3, 95% CI 28.6 to 42.0) compared with normal baseline Nugent scores and use of unprotected water for bathing (ie, rainwater, pond, lake/stream) (β=12.0, 95% CI 3.4 to 20.5) compared with protected water sources (ie, well, tap, borehole). Women had fewer BV occurrences if they were currently pregnant (β=−6.6, 95% CI −12.1 to 1.1), reported consistent condom use (β=−7.7, 95% CI −14.2 to 1.3) or their partner was circumcised (β=−5.8, 95% CI −11.3 to 0.3). Conclusions Factors associated with higher and lower values of BV chronicity were multifactorial. Notably, higher values of BV chronicity were associated with potentially contaminated bathing water. Future studies should examine the role of waterborne microbial agents in the pathogenesis of BV.
Located in MPRC People / Marie Thoma, Ph.D. / Marie Thoma Publications
Rosella Calvi, Rice University
‘Til Dowry Do Us Part: Bargaining and Violence in Indian Families
Located in Coming Up
Ruth Zambrana named Distinguished University Professor
A leading voice for minority and underrepresented groups
Located in News
Person C headerSandra Hofferth, Ph.D.
Located in MPRC People
Sangaramoorthy on HIV disparities
Qualitative research helps to document stories of "stigma and survival"
Located in News
Sangeetha Madhavan's Research on Mothers' Mental Health featured in New Security Beat
range of life experiences conspire to affect a woman’s mental health in Nairobi, Kenya
Located in News
Sangeetha Madhavan, African American Studies, Sociology, MPRC
Rural Connectivity, Kinship Support and Food Security in Kenya
Located in Coming Up
Sarah K. Cowan, NYU
Estimating the Effect of a Universal Cash Transfer on Birth Outcomes
Located in Coming Up
Sayer outlines spousal work-share trends
Men are spending more of their time on chores. Women are spending less — but it’s still much more than men, reports Washington Post
Located in News