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You are here: Home / MPRC People / Marie Thoma, Ph.D. / Marie Thoma Publications / Intimate Partner Violence and Effectiveness Level of Contraceptive Selection Post-Abortion

Laura B Drew, Mona Mittal, Marie E Thoma, Cynthia C Harper, and Julia R Steinberg (In press)

Intimate Partner Violence and Effectiveness Level of Contraceptive Selection Post-Abortion

Journal of Women's Health.

Materials and Methods: Using data on 245 women who were attending an urban hospital abortion clinic, we assessed whether women had ever experienced emotional, physical, or sexual IPV. Effectiveness of women's post-abortion contraceptive method selection was categorized into high (intrauterine device [IUD] and implant), moderate (pill, patch, ring, and shot), and low (condoms, emergency contraception, and none) effectiveness. Using multinomial logistic regression, we examined the relationship between number of types of IPV experienced and post-abortion contraceptive method effectiveness, adjusting for sociodemographics, prior abortion, having children, abortion trimester, importance of avoiding pregnancy in the next year, pre-abortion psychological distress, and effectiveness level of the contraceptive method women were planning to use before contraceptive counseling.

Results: Twenty-seven percent (27%) of women experienced two or three types of IPV, 35% experienced one IPV type, and 38% experienced no IPV. Compared to women with no histories of IPV, women who experienced two or more types of IPV during their lifetimes were more likely to choose contraceptive methods with moderate effectiveness (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 5.23, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13–24.23, p = 0.035) and high effectiveness (AOR = 5.01, 95% CI: 1.12–22.39, p = 0.035) than those with low effectiveness.

Conclusion: Women who experienced two or more types of lifetime IPV selected more effective contraceptive methods post-abortion. Access to contraceptives that are not partner dependent, including long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC), may be particularly important for women who have experienced multiple types of IPV.

Steinberg, Mittal, Family Science, Family, Thoma, Health, Gender, Health in Social Context, Gender, Family, and Social Change
contraception, long-acting reversible contraception, Abortion, Intimate partner violence
First published online: November 14th, 2019

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