Social and Economic Inequality
Economic growth and development depend upon all citizens having the opportunity to maximize their potential, whether this is in terms of family formation, career path, or other long-term objective. MPRC researchers study inequalities by race / ethnicity, social class, age, gender, context, and nativity / immigration status in this and other signature themes.
MPRC research in this category is unique in its focus on key institutional contexts. Although population research usually focuses on the individual or family as the unit of analysis, from an ecological perspective, the individual and family are nested in a set of broader institutional contexts. Such institutions include prisons, the criminal justice system, health care systems, family and welfare policy, the labor market, the military, firms, schools, states, or countries as the context for population-related behaviors.
Areas of focus include :
- Individual and family inequality
- Schools and colleges
- Organizations and firms
- Criminal justice system
Examples of current projects in these areas are listed here.
New appointments, past and upcoming programs
Hofferth and colleagues help make time use data readily accessible
Frauke Kreuter and colleagues debate key methodological issues in Public Opinion Quarterly article
UMD-led study first to link an Internet query-based measure of racism to death rates
The World Family Map Project investigates what makes families strong
New model of integrated service delivery makes mental health services more accessible to teenaged parents
Frauke Kreuter compares the effectiveness of commonly-used face-to-face interview methods
Ongoing social and economic stress leads to racial and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease outcomes
MPRC Faculty Associate Klaus Hubacek demonstrates how material consumption in rich countries is fueled by pollution and environmental destruction in the developing world
Odis Johnson investigates how social issues affect education
Faculty associate Jerome Dugan investigates the relationship between socioeconomic status, health insurance coverage, and affordable quality care
Faculty associate Rashawn Ray investigates the social and environmental changes needed in order to remove neighborhood barriers to regular physical exercise
Demography article by Kahn, Goldscheider, and Garcia-Manglano examines changing family residence patterns
Faculty Associate Philip Cohen brings sociology research to the public eye by tackling thorny issues about race, gender, family, and inequality in an online public forum.
MPRC Director Michael Rendall is working with Faculty Associate Paul Torrens, Geography, to analyze social, economic, and health outcomes for New Orleanians
In a Collaborative Research project funded by the National Science Foundation, Meredith Kleykamp looks at outcomes in marriage, education, employment and earnings among veterans and non-veterans over the last 40 years.
Melissa Kearney and colleagues examine a hypothetical "desperation" effect on economically disadvantaged students through a grant funded by the Smith Richardson Foundation
Faculty Associate Kevin Roy co-authors book on public policy impacts on fatherhood
Faculty Associate John Haltiwanger's paper with two Census Bureau economists challenges conventional wisdom
Faculty Associate Melissa Kearney and Philip B. Levine find that inequality trumps location in predicting early childbearing out of wedlock