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Social and Economic Inequality

sei-icon-100Economic growth and development depend upon all citizens having the opportunity to maximize their potential, whether this is in terms of family formation, career path, or other long-term objective. MPRC researchers study inequalities by race / ethnicity, social class, age, gender, context, and nativity / immigration status in this and other signature themes.

MPRC research in this category is unique in its focus on key institutional contexts. Although population research usually focuses on the individual or family as the unit of analysis, from an ecological perspective, the individual and family are nested in a set of broader institutional contexts. Such institutions include prisons, the criminal justice system, health care systems, family and welfare policy, the labor market, the military, firms, schools, states, or countries as the context for population-related behaviors.

Areas of focus include :

  • Individual and family inequality
  • Schools and colleges
  • Organizations and firms
  • Criminal justice system
  • Military

Examples of current projects in these areas are listed here.


Hard times in economic data collection call for innovative data sourcing

Hard times in economic data collection call for innovative data sourcing

Katharine Abraham argues for the inclusion of private sector big data to bolster survey and administrative data and tap into new questions

Hard times in economic data collection call for innovative data sourcing - Read More…

Profiles of caregiver racial-ethnic socialization found to promote academic engagement in Black and Latinx youth

Profiles of caregiver racial-ethnic socialization found to promote academic engagement in Black and Latinx youth

Mia Smith-Bynum and others investigate how caregivers' responses to racial / ethnic discrimination relate to demographic characteristics and youth academic engagement

Profiles of caregiver racial-ethnic socialization found to promote academic engagement in Black and Latinx youth - Read More…

Racial Disparities in Maternal Mortality

Racial Disparities in Maternal Mortality

Associates Marian MacDorman and Marie Thoma, with colleagues Eugene DeClerq and Elizabeth Howell examine birth records

Racial Disparities in Maternal Mortality - Read More…

Confronting Racism in Environmental Health Sciences

Confronting Racism in Environmental Health Sciences

Commentary by Devon Payne-Sturges and others presents recommendations for a path toward eliminating racial inequities

Confronting Racism in Environmental Health Sciences - Read More…

Gender, Transport, and Employment in Mumbai

Gender, Transport, and Employment in Mumbai

Maureen Cropper and colleagues examine mobility patterns and a gender gap

Gender, Transport, and Employment in Mumbai - Read More…

High Frequency Business Dynamics During COVID-19

High Frequency Business Dynamics During COVID-19

John Haltiwanger and colleagues examine labor market issues using new Census data sets

High Frequency Business Dynamics During COVID-19 - Read More…

Business Formation: A Tale of Two Recessions

Business Formation: A Tale of Two Recessions

Working paper by John Haltiwanger, with Ermin Dinlersoz, Timothy Dunne, and Veronika Penciakova

Business Formation: A Tale of Two Recessions - Read More…

 Engaging Women in the Market for Mobile Money

Engaging Women in the Market for Mobile Money

Faculty Associate Jessica Goldberg awarded National Science Foundation three-year grant to examine questions of participation and impact for women

Engaging Women in the Market for Mobile Money - Read More…

Work mobility during COVID

Work mobility during COVID

NSF Rapid Response project will examine job restructuring, policy effects

Work mobility during COVID - Read More…

Investigating Determinants of Educational Attainment and Achievement in Mexico

Investigating Determinants of Educational Attainment and Achievement in Mexico

NSF award funds collaboration between scholars at the University of Maryland and the University of Pennsylvania to study the effects of supply-side and demand-side policies

Investigating Determinants of Educational Attainment and Achievement in Mexico - Read More…

Promoting Economic Recovery After COVID-19

Promoting Economic Recovery After COVID-19

Melissa Kearney and colleagues offer bi-partisan plan for economic recovery

Promoting Economic Recovery After COVID-19 - Read More…