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Article Reference Troff document (with manpage macros)Maternal postpartum depressive symptoms and infant externalizing and internalizing behaviors
Maternal postpartum depression has been shown to be one of the main predictors of externalizing and internalizing behaviors in toddlers and adolescents. Research suggests that presence of such behaviors can be observed as early as infancy. The current study uses longitudinal data from 247 mothers to examine the relationship between postpartum depressive symptoms at 8 weeks and the infant's externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 12 months. In unadjusted linear regression models, there were associations between postpartum depressive symptoms and infant externalizing behaviors (β=0.082, SE=0.032, p=0.012) and internalizing behaviors (β=0.111, SE=0.037, p=0.003). After controlling for potential confounding factors, including maternal age, race, education, home ownership, smoking status in the postpartum period, marital status, parenting stress, and happiness from becoming a parent, the associations between postpartum depressive symptoms and infant externalizing (β=0.051, SE=0.034, p=0.138) and internalizing behaviors (β=0.077, SE=0.040, p=0.057) were reduced and became non-significant. Furthermore, in these models the total amount of variance explained was 17.2% (p<0.0001) for externalizing behaviors and 10.5% (p<0.01) for internalizing behaviors; the only significant predictor of externalizing behaviors was maternal age (β=-0.074, SE=0.030, p=0.014), and of internalizing behaviors was white non-Hispanic ethnicity (β=-1.33, SE=0.378, p=0.0005). A combined effect of the confounding factors seems to explain the finding of no significant independent association between postpartum depressive symptoms and infant externalizing and internalizing behaviors.
Located in MPRC People / Julia Steinberg, Ph.D. / Julia Steinberg Publications
Marian MacDorman talks about Maternal Mortality with Diane Rehm
One of four experts exploring MacDorman's most recent research
Located in News
Economics Seminar Series: Owen Thomson, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
The Long-Term Health Impacts of Medicaid and CHIP
Located in Coming Up
Bachrach works to establish new population health association
Interdisciplinary Association for Population Health Science (IAHPS) now open for membership
Located in Research / Selected Research
IPUMS - Time Use website launched
Hofferth and colleagues help make time use data readily accessible
Located in Research / Selected Research
MacDorman research on U.S. maternal mortality increase featured on CNN
Maternal mortality rose nationally, doubled in Texas
Located in News
U.S. Women Veteran's Experiences of War
Jones awarded NEH grant to document 100 years of women veteran's war experiences
Located in Research / Selected Research
File Troff document (with manpage macros)Does Development Aid Undermine Political Accountability? Leader and Constituent Responses to a Large-Scale Intervention
Raymond P. Guiteras and Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak // Keywords: General Equilibrium Effects of Interventions, Political Economy, Sanitation. JEL Codes: O43, Q56, P16; 2016-001
Located in Research / Working Papers / WP Documents
Andrew Fenelon, Assistant Professor, Health Services Administration
HUD Rental Assistance, Neighborhoods, and Adult Health in the United States
Located in Coming Up
Courtney Thomas, Assistant Professor, Community Health Sciences, UCLA
The Racial Self-Awareness Framework of Race-Based Stress, Coping, and Health: Evaluating Biopsychosocial Pathways among African Americans
Located in Coming Up