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Martha Bailey, University of Michigan * Please note special time

The Long-Term Effects of California's 2004 Paid Family Leave Act on Women's Careers: Evidence from U.S. Tax Data
When Mar 09, 2020
from 12:30 PM to 01:30 PM
Where 1101 Morrill Hall
Contact Name
Contact Phone 301-405-6403
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About the Presentation

This paper uses IRS tax data to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of California’s 2004 Paid Family Leave Act (PFLA) on women’s careers. Our research design exploits the increased availability of paid leave for women giving birth in the third quarter of 2004 (just after PFLA was implemented). These mothers were 18 percentage points more likely to use paid leave but otherwise identical to multiple comparison groups in pre-birth demographic, marital, and work characteristics. We find little evidence that PFLA increased women’s employment, wage earnings, or attachment to employers. For new mothers, taking up PFLA reduced employment by 7 percent and lowered annual wages by 8 percent six to ten years after giving birth. Overall, PFLA tended to reduce the number of children born and, by decreasing mothers’ time at work, increase time spent with children.

About the Speaker

Martha Bailey

Martha Bailey is a Professor of Economics and a Research Professor at the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan and a Faculty Research Fellow at NBER. Her research focuses on issues in labor economics, demography and health in the United States within the long-run perspective of economic history.  

Please Note Special Time of 12:30-1:30 p.m. For The Seminar

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