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Journal Club - Arianna Gard

"An ecological approach to understanding the developing brain: Examples linking poverty, parenting, neighborhoods, and the brain.”
When Oct 19, 2022
from 12:00 PM to 01:00 PM
Where 2101C Bianchi Room - In person as planned
Contact Name Clayton Buck or Chu Judy Zhuang
Contact Phone 301-405-6403
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About this Session

Journal Club is a student-directed initiative helping young scholars to review literature, connect with senior scholars, and develop research plans.  The discussion with Dr. Arianna Gard will be based off of the article, "An ecological approach to understanding the developing brain: Examples linking poverty, parenting, neighborhoods, and the brain.” and can be found here: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33382290/ The discussion will benefit from review of the article ahead of time to generate questions.

 

Abstract:

We describe an ecological approach to understanding the developing brain, with a focus on the effects of poverty-related adversity on brain function. We articulate how combining multilevel ecological models from developmental science and developmental psychopathology with human neuroscience can inform our approach to understanding the developmental neuroscience of risk and resilience. To illustrate this approach, we focus on associations between poverty and brain function, the roles parents and neighborhoods play in this context, and the potential impact of developmental timing. We also describe the major challenges and needed advances in these areas of research to better understand how and why poverty-related adversity may impact the developing brain, including the need for: a population neuroscience approach with greater attention to sampling and representation, genetically informed and causal designs, advances in assessing context and brain function, caution in interpretation of effects, and a focus on resilience. Work in this area has major implications for policy and prevention, which are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

About the Speaker

My research examines the influence of environmental factors on health and behavior across the lifespan, with a particular focus on the adolescent period. I use a variety of biological methodologies to probe the mechanisms of neighborhood- and family-level influences on developmental outcomes, including functional MRI, genetics and epigenetics, and physiological markers of stress. A prominent feature of my work is to increase sociodemographic diversity in neurobiological research by including historically under-represented groups in research design and implementation.


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LOCATION: 2101C Morrill Hall, Bianchi Room

Link for more details on what Journal Club is and how it is run.

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