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Article Reference Troff document (with manpage macros)The Interrelationship between Race, Social Norms, and Dietary Behaviors among College-attending Women
Objective:  The association between social norms and dietary behaviors is well-documented, but few studies examine the role of race. The aim of this study was to determine the interrelationships among race, social norms, and dietary behaviors.  Methods:  We used data from the Healthy Friends Network Study (a pilot study of women attending a southern university). Dietary behaviors, social norms, and self-identified race were obtained.  Results:  African Americans had lower odds of daily vegetable (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.38-0.79) and fruit consumption (OR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.30-0.67), but no race difference in frequent consumption of fatty/fried/salty/sugary foods was observed in fully adjusted models. Proximal descriptive norms were associated with all dietary behaviors, but distal injunctive social norms were associated with lower odds of frequent unhealthy food consumption (OR = 0.10, 95% CI = 0.05-0.21). Race differences in family descriptive norms were found to mediate race differences in vegetable and fruit consumption by 7%-9%. However, race differences in friend and family injunctive norms mediated 20%-50% of the effects of race on frequent unhealthy food consumption.  Conclusions:  Proximal injunctive norms account for race differences in unhealthy food consumption. Future studies should further explicate the mechanisms and seek to utilize social norms in behavior change interventions.
Located in Retired Persons / Caryn Bell, Ph.D. / Caryn Bell Publications
More Women Opting to Give Birth Outside of a Hospital
Data shows rate of births at home and in birth centers reaches highest level in 30 years; demand may actually be greater
Located in Research / Selected Research
SPH Study Explores Maternal Experience of IPV in Young Children in Tanzania
Natalie Slopen and colleagues published a new study exploring the health implications of intimate partner violence on children
Located in Research / Selected Research
Seminar: Trevon Logan - The Ohio State University and NBER
Racial Disparities in Health: Physician Bias and Veterans’ Pensions
Located in Coming Up
Seminar: Sarah Burgard - University of Michigan
Working lives and health in later life
Located in Coming Up
Seminar: Julia Steinberg - Family Science, School of Public Health, UMD
Examining the Association Between Abortion and Mental Health: The (Mis)use of Science in Policy
Located in Coming Up
Seminar: Danny Schneider - UC Berkeley
Unstable and Unpredictable Work Schedules: Effects on Wellbeing and What to Do About It
Located in Coming Up
Seminar: Maria Khan - New York University
Effects of Policing and Detainment on Psychosocial Vulnerability and Drug and Sex Risk among Minority Men who have Sex with Men
Located in Coming Up
India Human Development Survey - Wave Three
NICHD-R01 - Dr. Sonalde Desai
Located in Research / Selected Research
Fenelon comments on U.S. life expectancy
Newsweek article examines legislative action to develop a plan to increase life expectancy
Located in News