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Sonalde Desai featured in The Indian Express on Social Distancing Practice during COVID-19 Lockdown in India
Telephone survey shows high understanding of social distancing, support for lockdown
Located in News
Positioning population studies to understand the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic
Faculty Associate Sonalde Desai contributes to IUSSP panel session
Located in Coming Up
Article Reference Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheetThe Paradox of Declining Female Work Participation in an Era of Economic Growth
The past three decades have seen the advent of major transformations in the Indian economy. The economy has achieved average growth rates of 5–9%, education has risen sharply for both men and women, fertility rates have declined, and infrastructure facilities, particularly access to electricity, cooking gas and piped water, have improved. All these factors are expected to reduce the demand for women’s time spent in domestic chores and increase their opportunities for paid work. Paradoxically, however, the National Sample Surveys document a substantial decline in women’s work participation rates (WPRs), particularly for rural women. Optimistic interpretation of these trends suggests that increasing prosperity accounts for women’s labour force withdrawal. For young women, rising school and college enrolment is incompatible with demands of the workforce. For both young and older women, rising prosperity allows for withdrawal from economic activities to focus on domestic duties. Pessimistic interpretations of these trends suggest that it is absence of suitable jobs rather than women’s withdrawal from the labour force that accounts for declining female work participation. A third explanation focuses on increasing measurement errors in work participation data from the National Sample Surveys. This paper examines these diverse explanations using data from National Sample Surveys and India Human Development Surveys for 2004–2005 and 2011–2012 and finds that: (1) Decline in rural women’s work participation recorded by National Sample Surveys may be overstated; (2) supply factors explain a relatively small proportion of the decline in women’s work participation rates; (3) public policies such as improvement and transportation facilities and MGNREGS that enhance work opportunities for women are associated with increased participation by women in the work force.
Located in MPRC People / Sonalde Desai, Ph.D. / Sonalde Desai Publications
Desai editorial details decline in Indian women's employment
Flags a squandered 'gender dividend'
Located in News
Sonalde Desai and Reeve Vanneman
Located in Resources / Research Tools Resource / Datasets and Data Development Projects
Desai, Chen research on Fathers' migration in Demographic Research
Examines nutritional impact of father outmigration
Located in News
'Silence is louder than statistics'
Op-Ed details limitations of sexual violence research in India
Located in News
Desai article links caste to social outcomes in India
Cited in WSJ IndiaRealTime blog
Located in News
Sonai Desai on India's Data Infrastructure in an Open-Ed in The Hindu
Located in News
Desai co-authors brief on health insurance inequities in India
Many Indians do not take advantage of their insurance coverage
Located in Research / Selected Research