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Inequality and Teenage "Drop Out" Behaviors
Melissa Kearney and colleagues examine a hypothetical "desperation" effect on economically disadvantaged students through a grant funded by the Smith Richardson Foundation
Located in Research / Selected Research
More Young Adults Are Financially Dependent on Parents Than 50 Years Ago
Demography article by Kahn, Goldscheider, and Garcia-Manglano examines changing family residence patterns
Located in Research / Selected Research
Finding Economic Solutions for America
Faculty associate Katharine Abraham brings home experience from two years serving on the White House Council of Economic Advisors
Located in Research / Selected Research
Abraham comments on the quality of work
Share of independent workers drops
Located in News
Dynamism diminished: The role of housing markets and credit conditions
John Haltiwanger looks at the effect of housing market shocks on young businesses and start-ups
Located in Research / Selected Research
Vida Maralani, Cornell University
Buying Time with Children: Women’s Employment and Time-Intensive Parenting across the Life Course
Located in Coming Up
Econ Seminar: Labor/Public Finance/Development
"Creating Moves to Opportunity: Experimental Evidence on Barriers to Neighborhood Choice"
Located in Coming Up
Does Race Matter for Police Use of Force? Evidence from 911 Calls
Econ Seminar Labor / Public Finance / Development
Located in Coming Up
Katharine Abraham cited in job sharing feature
Benefits of Work Sharing programs
Located in News
Article Reference Troff document (with manpage macros)Race-Ethnicity, Class, and Unemployment Dynamics: Do Macroeconomic Shifts Alter Existing Disadvantages?
Research indicates that individuals of different races, ethnic backgrounds, and class origins differ in their unemployment rates. We know less, however, about whether these differences result from the differing groups’ unequal hazards of entering or exiting unemployment and even less about how economic fluctuations moderate the ethnoracial and class-origin gaps in the long-term risks of transitioning into and out of unemployment. Using Rounds 1–17 of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 and event history models, we show that non-Hispanic blacks become more similar to non-Hispanic whites in their paces of entering unemployment as their local unemployment rate rises, perhaps because jobs largely closed to the former are eliminated in a greater proportion during recessions. Nonetheless, blacks’ relatively slow pace of transitioning from unemployment to having a job decelerates further with economic downturns. By contrast, Hispanics’ paces of entering and exiting unemployment relative to non-Hispanic whites hardly change with local unemployment rates, despite unemployed Hispanics’ slower rate of transitioning to having a job. With respect to class origin, we find that the advantages in both unemployment entry and recovery of young men with relatively educated parents diminish with economic deterioration. Based on these results, we suggest that facing economic pressure, employers’ preference for workers of a higher class origin is more malleable than their preference for whites over blacks, making unemployed blacks especially disadvantaged in uncertain economic times. DOI :  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rssm.2019.100422
Located in Retired Persons / Wei-hsin Yu, Ph.D. / Wei-hsin Yu Publications